LIMBAH KACA SEBAGAI PENGANTI SEBAGIAN AGREGAT HALUS UNTUK BETON RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

Muhammad Ramdhan Olii, Isran E.Poe, Ilyas Ichsan, Aleks Olii

Abstract


Abstrak

 

Limbah kaca menyebabkan masalah lingkungan yang kronis karena sangat sulit terurai di dalam tanah. Kaca banyak digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari melalui produk manufaktur seperti kaca lembaran, botol, dan barang pecah belah. Kaca adalah bahan yang berpotensi besar untuk didaur ulang. Penggunaan kaca daur ulang membantu dalam penghematan energi dan perbaikan lingkungan. Meningkatnya kesadaran akan daur ulang kaca mempercepat perubahan penggunaan limbah kaca dengan bentuk berbeda di berbagai bidang. Salah satu kontribusinya yang signifikan adalah pada bidang konstruksi dimana limbah kaca digunakan kembali untuk produksi beton. Sifat-sifat beton yang mengandung limbah kaca sebagai agregat halus diteliti dalam penelitian ini. Limbah kaca digunakan sebagai pengganti sebagian agregat halus pada campuran beton 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% dan 100%. Kuat tekan beton umur 3, 7, 14, 21 dan 28 hari dibandingkan dengan beton yang dibuat dengan agregat halus alami (beton normal). Hasil tersebut membuktikan bahwa kekuatan tertinggi diberikan oleh limbah debu kaca setelah 28 hari. Kuat tekan benda uji dengan variasi limbah kaca 20% dan 40% memiliki kuat tekan melebihi dari kuat tekan rencana (24,95Mpa), masing-masing 26,290Mpa dan 25,602 Mpa atau melebihi 5,4% dan 2,6%. Jika dibandingkan dengan kuat tekan rata-rata beton dan beton karakteristik beton normal, semua variasi limbah kaca mengalami penurunan. Di masa depan, penggunaan limbah kaca dalam beton ramah lingkungan akan memberikan dampak yang baik untuk konservasi sumber daya alam.

 

Kata kunci: Kaca, beton, kuat tekan, ramah lingkungan.

 

 

Abstract

Glass waste causes chronic environmental problems because it is very difficult to decompose in the soil. Glass is widely used in everyday life through manufactured products such as flat glass, bottles and glassware. Glass is a material with great potential for recycling. The use of recycled glass helps in saving energy and improving the environment. Increasing awareness of glass recycling is accelerating the change in the use of different forms of glass waste in various fields. One of its significant contributions is in the construction sector where glass waste is reused for concrete production. The properties of concrete containing glass waste as fine aggregate were investigated in this study. Glass waste is used as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% concrete mixtures. The compressive strength of concrete aged 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days was compared with concrete made with natural fine aggregate (normal concrete). These results prove that the highest strength is given by the waste glass dust after 28 days. The compressive strength of the test specimens with variations of glass waste of 20% and 40% had compressive strength exceeding the design compressive strength (24.95MPa), respectively 26.290MPa and 25.602MPa or exceeding 5.4% and 2.6%. When compared with the average compressive strength of normal concrete and compressive strength of normal concrete characteristics, all variations of glass waste have decreased. In the future, the use of glass waste in environmentally friendly concrete will have a good impact on the conservation of natural resources.

 

Keywords: Glass, concrete, compressive strength, environmentally friendly.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adaway, M. and Wang, Y. (2015) ‘Recycled glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in structural concrete -Effects on compressive strength’, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 14(1), pp. 116–122.

Ali, E. E. and Al-Tersawy, S. H. (2012) ‘Recycled glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in self compacting concrete’, Construction and Building Materials, 35, pp. 785–791. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.04.117.

Aswad, N. H. and Soeparyanto, T. S. (2014) ‘Penggunaan Pecahan Botol Kaca Sebagai Agregat Kasar Pada Campuran Beton’, Jurnal Stabilita, 2(1), pp. 101–108.

Czarnecki, L. and Kapron, M. (2010) ‘Sustainable construction as a research area’, International Journal of the Society of Material Engineering for Resources, 17(2), pp. 99–106. doi: 10.5188/ijsmer.17.99.

Du, H. and Tan, K. H. (2014) ‘Waste glass powder as cement replacement in concrete’, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 12(11), pp. 468–477. doi: 10.3151/jact.12.468.

Ganiron Jr, T. U. (2014) ‘The Effect of Waste Glass Bottles as an Alternative Coarse Aggregate in Concrete Mixture’, International Journal of ICT-aided Architecture and Civil Engineering, 1(2), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.21742/ijiace.2014.1.2.01.

Ganiron, T. J. (2013) ‘Use of Recycled Glass Bottles as Fine Aggregates in Concrete Mixture’, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 61, pp. 17–28. doi: 10.14257/ijast.2013.61.03.

Hendi, A. et al. (2019) ‘Mix design of the green self-consolidating concrete: Incorporating the waste glass powder’, Construction and Building Materials, 199, pp. 369–384. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.020.

IEA (2019) Global Status Report for Buildings and Construction 2019, IEA. Available at: https://www.iea.org/reports/global-status-report-for-buildings-and-construction-2019 (Accessed: 16 November 2020).

Islam, G. M. S., Rahman, M. H. and Kazi, N. (2017) ‘Waste glass powder as partial replacement of cement for sustainable concrete practice’, International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 6(1), pp. 37–44. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsbe.2016.10.005.

Liaqat, M., Shah, M. L. and Baig, M. A. (2018) ‘Effect of Waste Glass as Partial Replacement for Coarse Aggregate in Concrete’, International Journal of Technical Innovation in Modern Engineering & Science, 4(6), pp. 2455–2585.

Małek, M. et al. (2020) ‘Effect of waste glass addition as a replacement for fine aggregate on properties of mortar’, Materials, 13(14), pp. 1–19. doi: 10.3390/ma13143189.

Mohammed Seddik, M. (2019) ‘Use of waste window glass as substitute of natural sand in concrete production’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 603(3). doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/603/3/032011.

Nassar, R. U. D. and Soroushian, P. (2012) ‘Strength and durability of recycled aggregate concrete containing milled glass as partial replacement for cement’, Construction and Building Materials, 29, pp. 368–377. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.10.061.

Ogundairo, T. O. et al. (2019) ‘Sustainable use of recycled waste glass as an alternative material for building construction - A review’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 640(1). doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/640/1/012073.

Rahim, N. L. et al. (2015) ‘Utilization of recycled glass waste as partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete production’, Materials Science Forum, 803, pp. 16–20. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.803.16.

Sadoon, A. and Fan, M. (2014) ‘Characteristics of concrete with waste glass as fine aggregate replacement’, International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR), 2(6), pp. 11–17.

Srivastava, V. et al. (2014) ‘Glass Wastes as Coarse Aggregate in Concrete’, Journal of Environmental Nanotechnology, 3(1), pp. 67–71. doi: 10.13074/jent.2013.12.132059.

Suhartini, A., Gunrati, A. S. S. and Azharie, H. (2014) ‘Pengaruh Penambahan Tumbukan Limbah Botol Kaca Sebagai Bahan Subtitusi Agregat Halus Terhadap Kuat Tekan dan Kuat Lentur Beton’, Jurnal bentang, 2(1), pp. 66–80.

Tamanna, N. et al. (2016) ‘Pozzolanic Properties of Glass Powder in Cement Paste’, Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 7(2), pp. 75–81. doi: 10.33736/jcest.307.2016.

Tamanna, N. and Tuladhar, R. (2020) ‘Sustainable Use of Recycled Glass Powder as Cement Replacement in Concrete’, The Open Waste Management Journal, 13(1), pp. 1–13. doi: 10.2174/1874347102013010001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29103/tj.v11i1.407

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Ramdhan Olii

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Publisher:

Jurusan Teknik Sipil
Fakultas Teknik Universitas Malikussaleh
Jl. Cot Tgk. Nie, Reuleut, Aceh Utara, Indonesia

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

              P-ISSN                       E-ISSN

Accredited Journal (S3)

Based on Degree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 23/E/KPT/2019

expired: 2024-08-08