TEGANGAN DAN REGANGAN DINAMIS PERKERASAN SEMI FLEKSIBEL DENGAN MODIFIKASI REOLOGI ASPAL DAN SUBSTITUSI ZIOLIT PADA SEMEN MORTAR

Hamzani Hamzani, Munirwansyah Munirwansyah, Sugiarto Sugiarto, Muttaqin Hasan

Abstract


Abstrak

 

Ketahanan struktur perkerasan akibat timbulnya tegangan dan regangan menyebabkan retak awal saat terjadinya deformasi permanent sehingga kegagalan perkerasan akibat kelelahan umur tidak dihindarkan. Fenomena tersebut dapat dikurangi dengan perkerasan yang memiliki cukup kekakuan, kelenturan. Modifikasi material dilakukan untuk meningkatkan nilai kekakuan dan kelenturan campuran dengan menggunakan jenis campuran,gradasi, dan modifikasi aspal yang tepat sebagai usaha pengembangan campuran perkerasan beraspal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini  mempelajari tegangan dan regangan tarik campuran PSF  terhadap beban berulang dengan tambahan WTR dan menggunakan ziolit alam sebagai pengganti sebagian semen untuk mortar yang dinjeksi ke dalam rongga aspal porous. Desain campuran aspal berpori dimulai dengan penentuan proporsi aspal optimal dengan agregat bergradasi terbuka sebagaimana ditentukan dalam sepesifikasi (AAPA) 2004. Uji Marshall dilakukan untuk mengetahui spesifikasi yang disyaratkan dan dilanjutkan dengan uji specimen yang telah diinjeksi mortar semen dengan pengujian lentur metode pembebanan empat titik untuk evaluasi tegangan dan regangan tarik. Nilai tegangan dan regangan dinamis dianalisis pada setiap variasi ziolit dalam mortar semen. Substitusi ziolit alam pada semen mortar dapat mempengaruhi tegangan dan regangan dinamis campuran PSF, di mana semakin besar komposisi ziolit dalam semen mortar nilai tegangan dan regangan yang dihasilkan semakin tinggi.

 

Kata kunci: perkerasan semi-fleksibel, ziolit alam, reologi aspal, tegangan dan regangan, beban dinamis

 

 

Abstract

 

The resistance of the pavement structure due to the consequence of stress and strain causes the initial reset when the occurrence of permanent deformation so that pavement failure due to age is avoided. This phenomenon can be reduced by a pavement that has sufficient stiffness and flexibility. Material modification is carried out to increase the value of the stiffness and flexibility of the mixture by using the right type of mixture, gradation, and asphalt modification as an effort to develop an asphalt pavement mixture. The purpose of this study was to study the stress and tensile strain of the semi-flexible pavement (SFP) mixture against repeated loads with the addition of rubber tire waste (WTR) and to use natural zeolite as a part of cement for mortar injected into the porous asphalt cavity. The design of a porous asphalt mixture begins with the determination of the optimal proportion of asphalt with an open grade aggregate specified in the Asphalt Pavement Association Australia (AAPA) 2004.Marshall test is carried out to see the required specifications and test specimens that have been injected with cement with a four-point loading bending method test for stress evaluation and tensile strain. The values of dynamic stress and strain were analyzed for each variation of ziolite in cement mortar. Substitution of natural ziolite in cement mortar can affect the dynamic stress and strain of the PSF mixture, where the greater the ziolite composition in cement mortar, the higher the resulting stress and strain.

 

Keywords: Pavement semi-flexible, natural zeolite, asphalt rheology, dynamic stress and strain

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29103/tj.v11i1.405

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