IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN FASILITAS SEMENTARA KONSTRUKSI PADA PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN RUMAH SAKIT X DI KOTA BANDUNG

Gabriella Laurencia Liman, Yohanes Lim Dwi Adianto, Mia Wimala

Abstract


Abstrak

Keberadaan fasilitas sementara yang dapat berkontribusi pada keberhasilan proyek konstruksi sering diabaikan di Indonesia. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan tidak adanya standar dan pedoman yang mengatur secara khusus tentang fasilitas tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis penerapan manajemen fasilitas sementara pada proyek pembangunan rumah sakit (RS) Edelweiss di Bandung, termasuk mengidentifikasi ukuran dan spesifikasi serta memperkirakan biaya total fasilitas sementara. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui wawancara tidak terstruktur, observasi dan pengukuran di lapangan, serta studi dokumentasi. Kombinasi analisis kualitatif dan kuantitatif dilakukan untuk memeriksa secara rinci manajemen fasilitas sementara di proyek ini. Estimasi biaya dilakukan untuk merumuskan biaya fasilitas sementara yang telah dan perlu disediakan oleh kontraktor. Selanjutnya, perbandingan estimasi biaya menggunakan harga penawaran kontraktor dan analisis harga satuan dari standar pemerintah juga dilakukan untuk menentukan perbedaan antara keduanya sebagai referensi penggunaan di masa depan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan manajemen fasilitas sementara di konstruksi RS Edelweiss masih belum efektif. Penambahan yang signifikan dalam biaya fasilitas sementara hingga 295,23% disebabkan karena perencanaan yang belum memadai, serta perbedaan koefisien material dan pekerja, pemilihan material, besaran upah tenaga kerja, dan harga material yang digunakan dalam perhitungan.

 

Kata kunci: fasilitas sementara, anggaran biaya, spesifikasi, standar ukuran

 

Abstract

The existence of temporary construction facilities that could contribute to the success of construction projects is often neglected in Indonesia. It is indicated by the absence of standards and guidelines that govern, specifically these facilities. This research aims to analyze the implementation of temporary facility management in the construction of Edelweiss hospital in Bandung. This includes identifying the size and specification and estimating the costs of temporary facilities. Data obtained through unstructured interviews, site observations and measurements, as well as documentation studies. Mixed method analysis was used to examine in detail the conditions related to on-site temporary facility management. Cost estimation was carried out to formulate the costs that have been and need to be provided by the contractor. Furthermore, a comparison of cost estimation using contractor bid prices and unit price analysis from the government standard was also conducted to determine the difference between the two as a reference for future use. The results show that the implementation of temporary facility management in Edelweiss hospital construction was still ineffective. The significant increase in the cost up to 295.23% was due to inadequate planning, and differences in material and worker coefficients, material selection, labor wage rates, and material prices used in the calculation.

 

Keywords: temporary construction facility, cost budget, specification, standard size

 Sustainability     Department of Civil Engineering     Laurencia 

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29103/tj.v10i2.295

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Jurusan Teknik Sipil
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expired: 2024-08-08